বুধবার, মে ০৯, ২০১৮

রীনা তালুকদার

শব্দের মিছিল | মে ০৯, ২০১৮ | |
রীনা তালুকদার
Dwbk kZ‡Ki evOvjx mvwnZ¨ I ms¯‹…wZi Zx_©¯’vb KjKvZvi †Rvov mvu‡Kv VvKzi cwievi| iex›`ªbv‡_i Rb¥ KjKvZvi AwfRvZ VvKzi cwiev‡i| wcZvgn wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKzi I wcZv gnl©x †`‡e›`ªbv_ VvKzi bv‡g L¨vZ| iex›`ª cwiev‡ii iex›`ª c~e© A_©bxwZ wQj D”Pvm‡b| ejv hvq †h, †m mg‡qi †kªô abx Avi bvg Kiv Rwg`vi wQj wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKzi| KjKvZvi VvKzi cwiev‡ii Bs‡iR‡`i mv‡nex nvIqv †j‡MwQj wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKz‡ii RxeÏkvq| ØviKvbv_ VvKzi †hLv‡b nvZ w`‡q‡Qb †mLvb †_‡KB †mvbv Zz‡j G‡b‡Qb| cieZ©x‡Z GB nvIqv ØviKvbv_ VvKz‡ii c‡i gnwl© †`‡e›`ªbv_ VvKzi †Kej Zv AvM‡j †i‡L mgq cvi K‡i‡Qb| Avi Gi cwiYwZ iex›`ªbv_‡K fxlY fv‡eB bvov w`‡qwQj| wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKz‡ii mg‡q bv‡Uv‡ii ivYx fevYxi kvnRv`cy‡ii Rwg`vix wbjv‡g D‡V| †m mgq wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKzi, ¯’‡ji cvKovkx I mj‡ci mvb¨vj esk wg‡j wZb †ZŠwRi wWwn kvnRv`cyi m‡½ GKwU bxjKzwV gvÎ †Zi UvKv AvU Avbv g~‡j¨ GB Rwg`vix µq K‡ib| cieZx©‡Z bxjKzwV‡Z VvKzi KvQvwi ¯’vcb K‡ib| wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKz‡ii e¨emv wQ‡jv G‡Kev‡i Lwo Qyu‡j Kwo n‡q †h‡Zv GK Ae¯’vi| wZwb †h e¨emvB a‡i‡Qb m‡½ m‡½ Zv we¯Í…wZ jvf K‡i‡Qb A¯^vfvweK fv‡e| cvkvcvwk Zvui Bs‡iR †Nlv wejvk eûj Rxeb hvcbI wQ‡jv †ek Vv‡U ev‡U| cÖK…Z c‡¶ Rwg`vi wnmv‡e wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKz‡ii Pvj Pj‡bB Rwg`vix dz‡U I‡VwQj| hv †`‡e›`ª ev cieZx© iex›`ªbv_ ch©šÍ Avi Kv‡iv RxeÏkvq †`Lv hvq bv| ØviKvbv_ wQ‡jb †hgbwU Avw_©K Ae¯’v‡K DbœZ K‡i‡Qb †Zgwb wejvk eûj ev †ewnmvwe Rxeb hvcb K‡i‡Qb| wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKz‡ii g„Zz¨i c~‡e© ev Rxe‡bi †kl w`‡K wejvm eûj Rxeb hvcb cwiYwZi Aïf dj †`Lv hvq| Rwg`vixi fivWywe ïiæ n‡qwQ‡jv| GRb¨ †`‡e›`ªbv_ VvKzi wcZvi Rwg`vix mvgvj w`‡Z wM‡q wKQyUv KÆi n‡q I‡V‡Qb| G‡Kev‡i wnmve wbKv‡ki Rxeb hvcb ïiæ K‡i‡Qb| cwiev‡ii cÖ‡Z¨K m`‡m¨i Rb¨ wfbœ As‡Ki ev‡RU wbav©iY K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| iex›`ªbv_‡K gv‡mvqviv wnmv‡e w`‡q‡Qb GKk UvKv Avi g„Yvwjbx †`exi wQ‡jv cuwPk UvKv| hLb iex›`ªbv_‡K wcZv †`‡e›`ªbv_ VvKzi c~e©e‡½i Rwg`vix wkjvB`n I kvnRv`cyi Ges cwim‡ii `vwqZ¡ Ac©b K‡ib ZLb iex›`ªbv_‡K gv‡mvqviv wbav©iY K‡i †`b wZkkZ UvKv| Avi GB wZbkZ UvKv g‡a¨B wQ‡jv cwievi, Rwg`vix, AwZw_ Avc¨vqY mn mKj LiP| wnmv‡ei evB‡i hvevi mva¨ wQ‡jv bv Kv‡iviB| iex›`ªbv‡_i we‡qi mg‡qi LiPvw` †`L‡jB eySv hvq Avw_©K ˆ`‡b¨i wPÎ| iex›`ª bv‡_i we‡qi mg‡q LiP Kiv nq gvÎ 3283 (wZbnvRvi `yBkZ wZivwk) UvKv| nxiv †Kbv nq 1712 UvKv 1 Avbv, Mvox fvov jv‡M 1 UvKv 5 Avbv, eD‡qi kvoxi `vg 70 (mËi) UvKv, Kb¨v c‡¶i †jvK‡`i we`vqx cÖYvg †`qv nq 96 UvKv| cy‡ivwnZ‡`i `w¶Yv †`qv nq 8 UvKv 4 Avbv| N‡ii †cŠ‡Y GKzk fwi †mvbvi `yMvwQ †mvbvi evjvi g~j¨ 368 UvKv 7 Avbv wewµ Kiv nq; hv w`‡q evbv‡bv nq AvswU I ZvMv| GB wnmve wbKvk iex›`ªbv_‡KI Qyu‡q hvq| ejv nq †h VvKzi cwiev‡i GZ Kg Li‡P Avi †Kv‡bv we‡qi Abyôvb nqwb| VvKzi cwiev‡i me‡P‡q Kg Li‡Pi we‡qB wQj wek¦Kwei we‡q| G‡Kev‡iB ga¨weË mgv‡Ri cvwievwiK we‡qi gZB| †Kv‡bv Rwg`vix AvuP wQjbv|

Ebwesk kZ‡Ki †kl `kK I wesk kZ‡Ki Z…Zxq `kK ch©šÍ b`xqv (eZ©gvb Kzwóqv †Rjvi wkjvB`n hv wQj weivwngcyi ciMYvfy³), cvebv (BDmydkvnx ciMYvfy³ kvnRv`cyi eZ©gv‡b wmivRMÄ †Rjvaxb), ivRkvnx (eZ©gv‡b bIMuv †Rjvi cwZmi hv wQj KvwjMÖvg ciMYvfy³) Ges exif~g †Rjvq Rwg`vwii KvR Z`viwK Kivi mgq iex›`ªbv_ †`‡LwQ‡jb, MÖv‡gi Rxeb‡K wKfv‡e Bs‡iR kvmb-†kvlY ¶wZ K‡i‡Q| BD‡iv‡c wk¶v MÖnYKv‡j †mLvbKvi gvbyl I A_©‰bwZK wPÎ Ae‡jvKb K‡i‡Qb| Ô†bv‡ejÕ cyi¯‹vi cvIqvi ci we‡k¦i wewfbœ †`k Ny‡i †h AwfÁZv wZwb mÂq K‡iwQ‡jb, Zv wZwb G †`‡ki gvby‡li Kj¨v‡Y Kv‡R jvMv‡bvi †Póv K‡iwQ‡jb| iex›`ªbv_ Zuvi AwfÁZvi Av‡jv‡KB K…lK, ZuvZx, †R‡j, Kvgvi, Kz‡gvi A_©vr AbMÖmi †kÖYxi Dbœq‡bi cvkvcvwk Zv‡`i mšÍvb‡`iI wk¶vi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Abyfe K‡ib| Zv‡Z wZwb K‡ZvUzKz mdj I wedj n‡qwQ‡jb Zv Av‡jvPbv Ki‡jB Rvbv hv‡e| gnwl© †`‡e›`ªbv_ 1891 wLª÷v‡ã Pvi Rwg`vix †`Lv‡kvbvi `vwqZ¡ †`b iex›`ªbv_‡K| Gi cuvP eQi ci 1896 mv‡ji 8 AvM÷ Rwg`vwimg~‡ni me©gq `vwqZ¡ †`b (cvIqvi Ae A¨vUwb©)| Rwg`vwii Kv‡R wZwb bZzb c×wZ cÖeZ©b K‡ib| cyivZb wewa cwieZ©b Kivi weiæ‡× wQ‡jb cyivZb Kg©Pvwiiv| `y‡e©va¨ Kvh©cÖYvjx c×wZi cwie‡Z© wZwb †h bZzb ev mnR c×wZi cÖeZ©b K‡ib Zv AbyKiY Kivi Rb¨ cvk©¦eZ©x Rwg`viiv Zv‡`i Kg©Pvix‡`i cvVv‡Zb Zv Rvbvi Rb¨| iex›`ªbv_ †bv‡ej cyi¯‹vi weRqx, wKQz mgq Bs‡iR miKv‡ii bvBU Dcvwaavix| wKš‘ wb‡Ri cwiPqUv †h Zuvi wb‡Ri nv‡Z Mov †m K_v Lye Mfx‡ii K_v| DËivwaKvix m~‡Îi cwiP‡q mevB eo n‡Zv| Zvn‡j †Rvovmuv‡Kvi cÖvmv` †Q‡o MÖvg evsjvi c‡_-c‡_, Lvj-wej-b`x, gvV Avjc‡_ Nyi‡Zb bv Ges kvwšÍ wb‡KZ‡bi gvwU Avi L‡oi N‡i evm Ki‡Zb bv| mgv‡Ri `„wó fw½ e`jvq bv mn‡R| KwZcq evOvjx mgvR fv‡e iex›`ªbv‡_i meB wQj †jvK †`Lv‡bv eo-gvbywl Pvj| GKvi‡YB AwfRv‡Zi Awf‡hvMUv wZwb †Kv‡bv g‡ZB KvUv‡Z cv‡ibwb| mvwnwZ¨K wnmv‡eI iex›`ªbv_‡K AwfRvZ mgv‡Ri gyLcvÎ wnmv‡e †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q| GK mgq wjwL‡q mgv‡Ri A‡b‡KB e‡j‡Qb MvuI †Miv‡gi gvby‡li Rxe‡bi mv‡_ Zvi wbweoZv †bB| GRb¨ wZwb GB †`‡ki n‡Z cv‡ib bv| gvby‡li aviYv †`‡ki Pvlx gRyi‡`i wZwb †P‡bb bv Rv‡bb bv| wKšÍ wek¦ gvbyl iex›`ªbv_ me Awf‡hvMB gv_v †c‡Z wb‡q‡Qb| wZwb e‡j‡Qb, Ôm¤§v‡bi wPi wbe©vm‡b mgv‡Ri D”P g‡Â e‡mwQ msKxY© evZvq‡bÑ †mLvb †_‡K mg¯Í †`kUv‡K, †`‡ki gvbyl‡K Avwg †`L‡Z cvBwb|Õ wZwb m¤§v‡bi D”P Avm‡b em‡Z Pvbwb, m¤§v‡bi KvVMovq `uvo Kwi‡q Zuvi wePvi Kiv n‡q‡Q| wePv‡i Awfhy³ n‡q wZwb web‡q e‡j‡QbÑ Ô†Zvgiv hv‡`i Pvlx gRyi e‡jv Zv‡`i m‡½ Avgvi †Kvb cwiPq wQj bv Ggb bv| Z‡e cwiPq hZUv Nwbô n‡Z cvi‡Zv ZZUv Zv‡`i mv‡_ Nwbô n‡Z cvwiwb| GRb¨ wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Ôgv‡S gv‡S †MwQ Avwg I cvovi cÖv½‡Yi av‡i, wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwi †m kw³ wQj bv G‡Kev‡i|Õ 

Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_

Rwg`vi kãwU D”Pvi‡Yi mv‡_ Avgv‡`i g‡b †h wPÎ †f‡m I‡V Zv †_‡K iex›`ªbv_‡K c„_K Kiv hvq mn‡RB| iex›`ªbv‡_i ü`‡qi gvbweK †eva I cvwievwiK †`kxq cÖxwZi Kvi‡Y wZwb mgmvgwqK Rwg`vi‡`i Zzjbvq A‡bK †ewk D`vi I gvbweK wQ‡jb| Zuvi GB D`viZvi cÖwZdjb N‡U‡Q wkjvB`n, kvnRv`cyi, cwZmi, †evjcyi me©Î|e½-f½ Pvbwb iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi| wZwb memgq wn›`y-gymwjg mym¤úK© eRvq ivLvi †Póv K‡i‡Qb| cÖRviv Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_‡K KZUv kÖ×v Ki‡Zb| me©‡kl Kwe hLb cwZmi Av‡mb Ges we`vq †bb ZLb GKRb e„× gymjgvb cÖRv AkÖæ mRj K‡Ú iex›`ªbv_‡K e‡jwQ‡jb, ÒûRyi Avgiv wn›`y‡`i g‡Zv Rb¥ Rb¥všÍiev` gvwb bvÑ gvb‡j †Lv`vi Kv‡Q GB cÖv_©bvB RvbvZvg, evi evi †hb ûRy‡ii iv‡R¨B cÖRv n‡q Rb¥ †bB|Ó me©‡kl hLb iex›`ªbv_ cwZmi †_‡K KjKvZvq P‡j hvb, Gme `wi`ª cÖRviv iex›`ªbv_‡K AvÎvB †÷kb ch©šÍ cv‡q †nu‡U †cuŠ‡Q w`‡qwQj| wn›`y-gymwjg mym¤úK© Qvov †`‡ki gvby‡li Kj¨vY m¤¢e bv †mUv wZwb Dcjwä K‡iwQ‡jb| ZvB wZwb wk¶v, ¯^v¯’¨, K…wl, eqb wk‡íi gva¨‡g gvby‡li A_©‰bwZK Dbœqb †P‡q‡Qb| mywk¶v I A_©‰bwZK gyw³‡ZB gvby‡li †f`-eyw×i cÖKvk cvq Ggb aviYv wQj iex›`ªbv‡_i| GRb¨ wZwb AvZ¥vi cwiï×Zvi weKvk jv‡fi Dci ¸iæZ¡ w`‡q‡Qb| cyuw_MZ we`¨vi cvkvcvwk webq I gvbeZvi wk¶vq wb‡R‡`i M‡o †Zvjvi Rb¨ wZwb wk¶v_©x‡`i civgk© w`‡q‡Qb| iex›`ªbv‡_i cvV we‡køl‡Y eySv hvq wZwb gvby‡li myL-`ytL, nvwm-Kvbœv Ges cÖvZ¨wnK Rxe‡bi m‡½ LyeB cwiwPZ wQ‡jb| Gme †jLv m¤¢e n‡qwQj gvby‡li g‡bi Mfx‡ii K_v Rvbvi Kvi‡YB| wZwb gvby‡li wP‡Ëi weKvk mva‡bi gva¨‡g gvbeZvi gyw³i `x¶v w`‡q‡Qb| wZwb ¯^xK…wZ †c‡qwQ‡jb wek¦Kwei| wZwb wQ‡jb gvbeZvi Kwe|

Rwg`vi wnmv‡e †gv‡UI †Kvb AnsKvi wQjbv iex›`ªbv‡_i AvPi‡Y| eis wZwb wb‡R‡K GKRb ga¨weË cwiev‡ii gvbyl e‡jB †f‡ewQ‡jb| hv Zvi cwievi ev mgvR Rxe‡bi cÖwZwU †¶‡ÎB cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q| wcZvi gZ iex›`ªbv_ †Kej Rwg`vixi Aewkósk AvM‡j †_‡K Rxeb hvcb K‡i‡Qb| wZwb KLbB Avi Rwg`vix‡K Avw_©K fv‡e we¯Í…Z Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| eis †`‡e›`ªbv‡_i mg‡q Lye Uvbv‡cv‡ob wQjbv| hv wQ‡jv wcÖÝ ØviKvbv_ VvKz‡ii Rwg`vix †`‡e›`ªbv_ wcZvi †m me m¤úwË a‡i †i‡L VvKzi cwievi‡K †U‡b wb‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ Pig Avw_©K AbU‡b c‡o‡Qb wek¦Kwe iex›`ªbv_| †h e¨emv‡ZB iex›`ªbv_ nvZ w`‡q‡Qb wZwb †mLv‡bB e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| Avw_©K msK‡U iex›`ªbv‡_i e¨w³MZ I cvwievwiK Rxeb‡K wech©¯Í K‡i Zz‡jwQ‡jv| Rwg`vi cyÎ Rwg`vi n‡jI iex›`ªbv_ Avw_©K Kó †fvM K‡i‡Qb| wek¦KweI GKRb Kb¨v `vqMÖ¯Í wcZvi f~wgKvq AeZxY© n‡q‡Qb| Kb¨v gvaexjZv †ejvÕi we‡q‡Z `k nvRvi (10,000) UvKv †hŠZzK w`‡q‡Qb ZvI wKQyUv bM` wKQyUv wKw¯Í‡Z| wØZxq †g‡q †iYyKvÕi we‡q‡Z bM` A_© cY wnmv‡e †`bwb| wKš‘ †g‡q RvgvB‡K Av‡gwiKv cvVv‡bvi k‡Z© we‡q n‡qwQj| hv Kwe cieZx© K‡iwQ‡jb| Z…Zxq †g‡q AZmxjZv †`ex gxivÕi RvgvB‡K bM` A_© †`bwb wKš‘ D”P wk¶vi Rb¨ we‡jZ cvwV‡q‡Qb| Gi cieZx© wKQy mg‡qi g‡a¨B Kwei Avw_©K AbUb Pig †cuŠQvq| hv wZwb nv‡o nv‡o †Ub cvb| msmvi Pvjv‡Z wM‡qB LyPiv avi †`bvq Aw¯’i n‡q c‡ob| GK mgq wZwb Pov my‡` gnvRbx FY MÖnY K‡ib| Avw_©K ˆ`b¨ Zv‡K GK mgq msMx‡Zi cyi‡bv eB Ges iwPZ eB‡qi cy‡iv KwcivBU wewµi wPšÍv ch©šÍ wZwb K‡iwQ‡jb| 

wkjvB`‡ni Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_

Kzwóqvi wkjvB`‡ni KzwV evwo 9.93 GKi Rwg wb‡q we¯—…Z| Kwe 1891 mv‡j wkjvB`‡ni Rwg`vixi `vwqZ¡ cvb| GKUvbv `k eQi wZwb KzwVevwo‡Z `vwqZ¡cvjb K‡ib| GLv‡bB Kwei weL¨vZ eKzj Zjv| cÙv †_‡K †bŠKv Pvwj‡q GB eKzj Zjvi Nv‡U w`‡q IV‡Zb| AmsL¨evi gvwo‡q‡Qb eKzj Zjvi Nv‡Ui gvwU| AmsL¨ †jLv wZwb GLv‡b iPbv K‡i‡Qb| Kwe †hw`‡K †h‡Zb eKzj Zjvi NvU w`‡q eRiv †hZ| Avevi wdi‡j GB NvU e¨envi K‡iB evox XyK‡Zb| KzwV evoxi is wQj jvj GLb Zv †ZgwbB Av‡Q| wkjvB`‡n _vKv Ae¯’vq wZwb iPbv K‡i‡Qb ejvKv, ÔKíbvÕ, †MvivÕ, evsjv‡`‡ki RvZxq msMxZ| wkjvB`n m¤ú‡K© iex›`ªbv_ e‡j‡Qb, ÔÔAvgvi †hŠeb I †cÖŠp eq‡mi mvwnZ¨ mvabvi Zx_©¯’vb wQj cÙv Pzw¤^Z wkjvB`n|Ó ZvB wkjvB`n Ges iex›`ªbv_ G‡K Ac‡ii Kv‡Q fxlY FYx| iex›`ªbv_ wkjvB`‡n emevmKv‡j GKw`b cv‡ki MÖv‡g Av¸b jvM‡jv| MÖv‡gi †jv‡Kiv nZeyw× n‡q co‡jv| cvwbi Afve| Av¸b †bfv‡bvi Rb¨ cv‡ki MÖv‡gi gymjgvbiv G‡jv Ges Rwg`v‡ii Kg©Pvixiv Av¸b Avq‡Z¡ Avb‡Z N‡ii Pvjv †f‡O w`j| Gi Rb¨ MÖvgevmx‡`i mv‡_ gviwcUI K‡i Kg©Pvixiv| hw`I Gfv‡eB Av¸b †bfv‡bv n‡qwQj| G cÖm‡½ iex›`ªbv_ e‡j‡Qb, ÔGiv GZUvB †evKv †h wK‡m Zv‡`i DcKvi nq ZvB Zviv Rv‡b bv|Õ AwMœKvÐ †kl n‡q †M‡j Zviv Avgvi Kv‡Q G‡m ej‡j, ÔfvwM¨m eveyiv Avgv‡`i Ni fvO‡j, ZvB euvP‡Z †c‡iwQ|Õ ZLb Zviv Lye Lywk, eveyiv gviai Kiv‡Z Zv‡`i DcKvi n‡q‡Q Zviv Zv †g‡b wbj| hw`I Avwg †mUv‡Z j¾v †c‡qwQ|Õ GLv‡bB iex›`ªbv‡_i wekvj g‡bi ewntcÖKvk j¶Yxq| cvwbi msKU †`‡L Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_ cÖRv‡`i †W‡K ej‡jb, Ô†Zviv Kz‡qv Luy‡o †` Avwg euvwa‡q †`e|Õ MÖvgevmx e‡jwQj, Avgiv Ky‡qv Luy‡o †`e Avi Avcwb, ¯^‡M© wM‡q cyY¨ jvf Ki‡eb| gvby‡li g‡bi GB Awfe¨w³‡Z Kwe I Rwg`vi eix›`ªbv_ e¨w_Z n‡qwQ‡jb| wZwb wkjvB`‡n MÖvgevmx‡`i eq¯‹ wk¶vi e¨e¯’v K‡iwQ‡jb| GKRb wk¶KI wb‡qvM †`qv nq| GKwU Ni DVv‡bv n‡qwQj MÖv‡gi gv‡S| mܨvq †mLv‡b MÖvgevmx eB, cuyw_cvV ï‡b Ávb AR©b Ki‡e GUvB wQj D‡Ïk¨| wKš‘ bvbv ARynv‡Z QvÎ RyU‡jv bv| Z‡e gymjgvb MÖvgevmx Rwg`vi‡K Aby‡iva K‡i ÔIiv hLb ¯‹zj wb‡”Q bv ZLb Avgv‡`i GKRb cwÐZ w`b Avgiv Zv‡K ivLe| Zvi †eZb †`e, Zv‡K †L‡Z †`e|Õ GB ¯‹zjwU `xN©w`b wQj| wkjvB`n KvQvwi evwo †_‡K Kzwóqv ch©šÍ DuPz K‡i iv¯Ív ˆZwi K‡i w`‡qwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv_| wKš‘ MÖvgevmxi Miæi Mvwo PjvP‡ji Kvi‡Y gv‡Sg‡a¨B †f‡O †h‡Zv| ms¯‹vi KvR MÖvgevmx Ki‡Zv bv| Zv‡`i e³e¨ Rwg`vievey Zv‡`i cÖ‡qvR‡bB iv¯Ív ms¯‹vi K‡i †b‡eb| G‡Z iex›`ªbv_ `ytL fvivµvšÍ n‡q †j‡Lb, Òhviv eûhyM †_‡K GB iKg `ye©jZvi PP©v K‡i G‡m‡Q, hviv AvZ¥wbf©‡i G‡Kev‡iB Af¨¯’ bq, Zv‡`i DcKvi Kiv e‡ovB KwVb|Ó ZviciI K…l‡Ki DbœwZK‡í iex›`ªbv_ wkjvB`‡n K…wl we‡klÁ‡`i Øviv Avjy Pv‡li m~Pbv K‡ib| GLv‡b wZwb †ikg Pvl K‡i m~Zv ˆZwi K‡ib| cwZm‡iI †ikg I mewR Pv‡li Rb¨ K…lK‡`i DØy× K‡ib| g„rwkíx Ges Kvgvi‡`i Avw_©K mnvqZv †`b| Kzwóqvq ¯’vcb K‡ib eqb we`¨vjq| wZwb †`kevmx‡K †`‡k ˆZwi Kvco e¨env‡ii civgk© †`b| G‡Z †`kxq ZuvZ wkí euvP‡e Zvi m‡½ euvP‡e ZuvZxiv, GB wQj iex›`ªbv‡_i hyw³| 

cwZm‡ii Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_

iex›`ªbv_ cÖ_g 1891 mv‡j bIMuvi cwZm‡i Rwg`vix †`Lv ïbv Kivi `vwqZ¡ cvb| GLv‡b G‡mB wZwb A‡bK Mvb I KweZv iPbv K‡i‡Qb| GLv‡b G‡mB wZwb bIMvu gnKygvi †Rjv cÖkvmK mvwnwZ¨K Abœ`v ksKi iv‡qi †`Lv cvb| cieZx©‡Z wZwb GLv‡b 1913 mv‡j cyÎ i_x›`ªbv‡_i bv‡g GKwU ¯‹zj cÖwZôv K‡ib| cÖRv‡`i Rb¨ Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii Øvi wQj AevwiZ| mKvj mܨv-ivwÎ hLb-ZLb cÖRviv Zuvi mv¶vr †c‡Zb| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Ò†Kvb †Kvb w`b `iev‡i w`b †K‡U †hZ bvIqv-LvIqvi mgq †K‡U †hZ| Zv‡ZB Avwg Avb›` †cZvg| hZw`b cjøxMÖv‡g wQjvg ZZw`b Zv‡K ZbœZbœ K‡i Rvbevi †Póv Avgvi g‡b wQj| Kv‡Ri Dcj‡¶ GK MÖvg †_‡K Avi GK `~i MÖv‡g †h‡Z n‡q‡Q, wkjvB`n †_‡K cwZmi, b`xbvjv-we‡ji ga¨ w`‡qÑZLb MÖv‡gi wewPÎ `„k¨ †`‡LwQ| cjøxevmx‡`i w`bK…Z¨, Zv‡`i RxebhvÎvi wewPÎ wPÎ †`‡L cÖvY Jrmy‡K¨ f‡i DV‡Zv| Avwg bM‡i cvwjZ, G‡m cojvg cjøxkÖxi †Kv‡jÑ g‡bi Avb‡›` †KŠZ~nj wgwU‡q †`L‡Z jvMjyg| µ‡g GB cjøxi `ytL ˆ`b¨ Avgvi Kv‡Q my¯úó n‡q DV‡jv, Zvi Rb¨ wKQz Kie GB AvKv•ÿvq Avgvi gb QUdU K‡i D‡VwQj| ZLb Avwg †h Rwg`vi, e¨emv Kwi, wb‡Ri Avq-e¨q wb‡q e¨¯Í, †Kej ewYK-e„wË K‡i w`b KvUvBÑ GUv wbZvšÍB j¾vi welq g‡b n‡qwQj| Zvici †_‡K †Póv KiZzgÑ Kx Ki‡j G‡`i g‡bi D‡Øvab nq, Avcbv‡`i `vwqZ¡ Giv Avcwb wb‡Z cv‡i| Avgiv hw` evB‡i †_‡K mvnvh¨ Kwi Zv‡Z G‡`i AwbóB n‡e| Kx Ki‡j G‡`i g‡a¨ Rxeb mÂvi n‡e| GB cÖkœB ZLb Avgv‡K fvwe‡q Zz‡jwQj| G‡`i DcKvi Kiv k³| KviY Giv wb‡R‡K e‡ov AkÖ×v K‡i| Zviv ejZ ÔAvgiv KzKzi, K‡l PveyK gvi‡j Z‡e Avgiv wVK _vwKÕ 

g¨v‡jwiqv, K‡jiv, Wvqvwiqv mn bvbvwea †ivM †_‡K gvbyl‡K i¶vi Rb¨ wZwb Rb mvaviY‡K ¯^v¯’¨ wk¶v †`b I K‡qKwU `vZe¨ wPwKrmv †K›`ª ¯’vcb K‡ib| cÖRviv Ah_v SMov weev` I gvgjv-†gvKÏgvq Rwo‡q bv c‡o Gi Rb¨ wZwb mvwjwm wePv‡ii cÖeZ©b K‡ib| MVb K‡ib wePvi mfv| wePvi Kv‡iv cQ›` bv n‡j †m cuvP m`m¨wewkó Avwcj mfvq †h‡Z cvi‡Zv| GB Avwcj mfvi cÖavb wQ‡jb Rwg`vi wb‡RB| wePv‡ii Rb¨ ev`x ev weev`x‡K †Kv‡bv e¨q enb Ki‡Z n‡Zv bv| †Kej `iLv¯Í Kivi Rb¨ ev KvMR †Kbvi Rb¨ mvgvb¨ wKQz g~j¨ w`‡Z n‡Zv| G e¨e¯’v cÖeZ©b nevi ci GjvKvq kvwšÍ-k„•Ljv eRvq wQj| KvwjMÖv‡g wn‰Zlx mfv MVb Kiv n‡qwQj cÖRv‡`i Kj¨vYv‡_©| wn‰Zlx mfvq cÖRviv †h UvKv সংগ্রহ করতেন  mg cwigvY UvKv †`qv n‡Zv Rwg`v‡ii Znwej †_‡K| GB UvKvq K‡qKwU cvVkvjv, wZbwU wb¤œ gva¨wgK we`¨vjq Ges cwZm‡i GKwU D”P we`¨vjq ¯’vcb Kiv n‡qwQj| D³ Znwej †_‡KB D”P wk¶vq B”QzK‡`i e„wË cÖ`v‡bi e¨e¯’v nq| cwZm‡i †bv‡ej cyi¯‹v‡ii cÖvß UvKv w`‡q cÖwZôv K‡ib K…wl e¨vsK| Uªv±i w`‡q DbœZ Pvlvev` QvovI QvZv ˆZwi, gvwUi mvbwK, †Lvjv ˆZwi I MvgQv-kvwo-aywZ I jyw½ eybb wk¶vi e¨e¯’v K‡ib| M‡o †Zvjv nq ag©‡Mvjv| †mLv‡b Avc`Kvjxb mg‡qi Rb¨ K…lKiv dmj Rgv ivL‡Zv, GLvb †_‡K †mUv Zviv cÖ‡qvR‡b avi wb‡Z cvi‡Zv| KvwjMÖvg ciMYvq wZwb Avg`vwb Kiv DrK…ógv‡bi fyÆvi exR G‡b Pvl K‡ib| Avjy, U‡g‡Uv I Av‡Li PvlI ïiæ K‡ib| ¯’vcb K‡ib gvwU cix¶vi imvqbvMvi| evwoi AvwObvq kvK-mewR, †¶‡Zi AvB‡j Avbvim, †LRyi MvQ I KjvMvQ jvMv‡Z cÖRv‡`i DØy× K‡ib| GB Kv‡Ri Rb¨ cyÎ i_x›`ªbv_‡K wb‡qvM K‡ib| wZwb Zuvi ¯^‡cœi wk¶v e¨e¯’v I K…wli Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ Avg„Zz¨ †Póv Pvwj‡q †M‡Qb| †evjcy‡i cÖwZôv K‡i‡Qb we`¨vwcV Ges †mLv‡bB ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb kÖxwb‡KZb| wek¦fviZx GLb we‡k¦i Ab¨Zg we`¨vwcV| kÖxwb‡KZ‡b wk¶v_©x‡`i nv‡Z-Kj‡g K…wl, Mevw`cï cvjb, AvmevecÎ wbg©vYmn wewfbœ e¨envwiK wk¶v †`qv nq| cwZm‡i †kl we`v‡qi w`‡b A_v©r 1937 mv‡ji 27 RyjvB Kwe KzwVevoxi mvg‡b R‡ov nIqv cÖRv‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvwg Amy¯’ Avi nq‡Zv †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡Q Avwm‡Z cvwie bv, †Zvgiv Avgv‡K A‡bK w`‡q‡Qv, Avwg †Zvgv‡`i wKQyB w`‡Z cvwi bvB -Avwg cÖv_©bv Kwi †Zvgiv myLx nI, kvwšÍ‡Z _vK|Ó GB evYx †mw`b mK‡ji ü`q‡K AvnZ K‡iwQj| 1886 mv‡j cwZm‡i iex›`ª mvwnZ¨ cwil` cÖwZôv mn iex›`ªbv_ K…wl K‡jR, Rv`yNi,  WvKevsjv I iex›`ª Ave¶ g~wZ© ¯’vcb Kiv nq|

kvnRv`cy‡ii Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_

iex›`ªbv_ 1890 mv‡j cÖ_g Rwg`vix †`Lv †kvbvi Rb¨ wmivRM‡Äi kvnRv`cyi KvQvwi evwo‡Z Av‡mb| GLv‡b G‡m G RvqMvwU Kwei Lye cQ›` nq| wZwb cÖvqB kvnRv`cyi †h‡Zb| 1890-1897 ch©šÍ mg‡q Kwe eûevi kvnRv`cy‡i hvZvqvZ K‡i‡Qb| GLv‡b Kwe QvovI wcZv †`‡e›`ªbv_ I fvB †R¨vwZwi›`ªbv_ G‡m‡Qb| iex›`ªbv_ hv K‡i‡Qb Pvlx, gRyi, ZuvZx‡`i Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ ‡mwU †mB mgKv‡ji Rb¨ h‡_ó D”P gvbwmKZvi cwiPq enb K‡i| iex›`ªbv_ wQ‡jb GKRb cÖRvwn‰Zlx Rwg`vi| dmjnvwbi Kvi‡Y 1312 e½v‡ã GK eQ‡i wZwb K…lK‡`i D`vifv‡e AvUvbœ nvRvi UvKv LvRbv gvd K‡ib| MÖv‡gi gvby‡li mv‡_ nv‡Z nvZ wgwj‡q MÖv‡gi iv¯ÍvNvU ms¯‹vi K‡i‡Qb, ¯^v¯’¨ †K›`ª ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb| wewfbœ MÖv‡g †h ¯‹zj ¯’vcb K‡ib Zvi Rb¨ eQ‡i eivÏ wQj mv‡o ev‡ivk UvKv| cÖRv‡`i g‡a¨ hviv AÜ ev weKjv½ Ges hviv D”P wk¶v wb‡Z Pvq Zv‡`i Rb¨ gvwmK e„wË wba©viY K‡i †`b| b`x fvO‡b, So wKsev AwMœKv‡Ð ¶wZM͇֯`i Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_ A_© mnvqZv w`‡Zb| kvnRv`cy‡i Ae¯’vbKv‡j Av¸‡b cy‡o hvIqv ¶wZMÖ¯Í Gbv‡qZcyi †_‡K K‡qKRb MÖvgevmx G‡mwQ‡jb Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv‡_i Kv‡Q| wZwb Zr¶Yvr Zv‡`i LvIqvi e¨e¯’v I bM` UvKv cÖ`vb K‡ib| wZwb mgev‡qi wk¶v w`‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| cjøx cybM©V‡bi Kv‡R nvZ †`b| Uªv±i w`‡q Rwg Pvl K‡i mgevq wfwˇZ dmj eȇbi KvR P‡j wKQz w`b| c‡i GB cÖKíI e¨_© nq Awk¶vÕi Kvi‡Y| Avi GRb¨ Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_ e‡jwQ‡jb, Awkw¶Z DcKv‡ii g‡Zv Ggb me©‡b‡k Avi wKQzB †bB| Gi c‡iI wZwb Zuvi ¯^cœ ev¯Íevq‡b wcQz n‡Ubwb| cjøxi Dbœq‡bi K_v we‡ePbv K‡iB wZwb †Q‡j i_x›`ªbv_, Kg©KZ©v m‡šÍvl P›`ª gRyg`vi I c‡i RvgvZv b‡M›`ªbv_ M‡½vcva¨vq‡K K…wlwe`¨v I Mevw`cï cvjb we`¨v wk¶vi Rb¨ we‡j‡Z cvVvb| wZwb BD‡iv‡ci wewfbœ †`‡k Mevw`cï cvjb Ges Drcvw`Z `ya mgevq wfwˇZ evRviRvZ I Zv †_‡K jvfevb nIqvi D`vniY w`‡q‡Qb| we‡kl K‡i †Wbgv‡K© †`Lv `y» mgevq c×wZ‡Z wZwb G †`‡ki Mevw`cïi Dbœq‡bi K_v e‡jb| hvi cÖwZdjb N‡U‡Q kvnRv`cyi GjvKvq| ¶z`ª ¶z`ª cÖ‡Póvi gva¨‡g `wi`ª Rb‡Mvôxi Dbœq‡bi †Póv wQj Zuvi Rxe‡bi †kl w`b ch©šÍ| KzgviLvjx I kvnRv`cy‡i GLb †h ZuvZ wkí cÖwZôv †c‡q‡Q Zvi †MvovcËb I DbœwZ mvab K‡iwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi|

Rwg`vwii Kv‡R e‡m iex›`ªbv_ gvby‡li bvbv mgm¨vi mgvavb Ki‡Zb AvšÍwiKZvi m‡½| kvnRv`cy‡ii gv`jv MÖv‡gi `wi`ª †R‡j ivgMwZi LvRbv e‡Kqv nIqvq Rwg wbjv‡g IVvi Dcµg nq| †R‡j ivgMwZ GKwU wPZj gvQ wb‡q Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv‡_i m‡½ †`Lv Ki‡Z †M‡j wZwb gv‡Qi `vg cwi‡kva K‡i †`b Ges ivgMwZi LvRbvI gIKzd K‡i †`b| iex›`ªbv_ Rwg`vwii `vwqZ¡ cvIqvi ci cwZmi I kvnRv`cy‡i †`L‡jb cÖRv‡`i emvi e¨e¯’v wfbœ| wZwb gvby‡l-gvby‡l ˆelg¨ `~i Kivi Av‡`k †`b Zvi Kg©Pvix‡`i| wn›`y eªvþYiv div‡m em‡Zb Avi gymjgvb I wbgœ e‡Y©i wn›`yiv `uvwo‡q _vK‡Zb A_ev wb‡P em‡Zb| Kwe GB e¨e¯’vi cwieZ©b K‡i gnvbyfeZvi cwiPq †`b| †m mg‡q GB cwieZ©b Rbg‡b e¨vcK cÖfve †d‡jwQj|

iex›`ªbv‡_i cwiev‡ii mK‡jB kvnRv`cy‡ii `ya, wN-gvLb, Qvbv cQ›` Ki‡Zb|GB Rb¨ cÖwZ gv‡m VvKzi cwiev‡ii Rb¨ 15 †mi wN †h‡Zv kvnRv`cyi †_‡K| Gme mieivn Ki‡Zb ivDZvivi wMwikP›`ª †Nvl| wZwb Rwg`v‡ii Kv‡Q Av‡e`b K‡ib †Mv-PviY f~wgi Rb¨| iex›`ªbv_ 1895 wLª÷v‡ã cuvPÕk UvKvq GKk weivbeŸB weNv Rwg †mvbvB b`xi P‡i wMwik †Nv‡li bv‡g cËb †`b| D‡jøL¨, GB Rwg Ges Gi wbKUeZ©x GjvKvq wgé wfUvi eZ©gvb †Mv-PviY f~wg| Mwie †R‡j‡`i Rb¨ Rwg`vi iex›`ªbv_ Db¥y³ Rjvf~wg w`‡qwQ‡jb| Gi Rb¨ †R‡j‡`i †Kv‡bv Ki w`‡Z nqwb| kvnRv`cy‡i Zuvi mnvqZvq `ywU ¯‹zj ¯’vwcZ n‡qwQj| †mUvB wQj IB GjvKvi cÖ_g ¯‹zj| iex›`ªbv_ m¤ú‡K© evOvwj wkw¶Z mgv‡R GKwU wbgivwR fve wQj, GL‡bv Av‡Q| iex›`ªbv_‡K †dj‡ZI cv‡i bv, Avevi ivL‡ZI cv‡i bv| 1916 wLª÷v‡ãi wWw÷ªª± †M‡RwUqv‡i GKRb Bs‡iR g¨vwR‡÷ªU Zvi wi‡cv‡U© eY©bv K‡ib, ÔRwg`vi gvÎB †h ü`qnxb nb bv Zvi D¾¡j `„óv¯Í wewkó Kwe iex›`ªbv_ VvKziÕ| Ôbv‡qe Kg©Pvixiv hv‡Z cÖRv‡`i Dci †Kv‡bv cÖKvi Rei`w¯Í bv K‡i †m w`‡K Zvi cÖLi `„wó wQj|Õ Kwe GLv‡b Rwg`vixi Kv‡R Avm‡Zb †Uªb‡hv‡M Bk¦i`x, †mLvb †_‡K cvKkx b`x‡Z eRivq P‡o cÙvi Pi cvwo w`‡q hgybv Ny‡i Ki‡Zvqv b`xi Dci w`‡q kvnRv`cyi †cŠuQ‡Zb| GLv‡b G‡m Kwe iPbv K‡i‡Qb: AvKv‡ki Puv`, †mvbviZix, ˆeòe KweZv, `yB cvwL, cyi¯‹vi, ü`q, e¨_© †hŠeb, fiv fv`i, cÖZ¨vLvb, j¾v mn D‡jøL‡hvM¨ iPbv| GLv‡b mybxwZ mÂvwiYx bv‡g GKwU wk¶v cÖwZôv‡b Kwe wbqwgZ A_© mvnvh¨ w`‡Zb| cÖwZôv‡bi wewfbœ Abyôv‡b †hvM w`‡Zb Ges m‡½ we`¨vj‡qi gšÍe¨ eB‡Z gšÍe¨ wjL‡Zb| cieZx©‡Z GwU kvnRv`cyi nvB¯‹zj bv‡g cwiwPZ nq| GLv‡bB Kwe GKwU K…wl e¨vsK cÖwZôv K‡ib| hv cieZx‡Z kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b ¯’vbvšÍi nq| 1969 mv‡j GwU cÖZ¥ZË Awa`ßi cyivKxwZ© wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i|

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Kwe I cÖvewÜK

সংক্ষিপ্ত পরিচিত : নব্বই দশকের কবি, গবেষক। সাবেক সভাপতি, বদরুন্নেসা কলেজ ও সাবেক সহ-সভাপতি, ঢাকা মহানগর (দক্ষিণ) ছাত্রলীগ। সভাপতি- বঙ্গবন্ধু বিজ্ঞান কবিতা পরিষদ। সহ-সভাপতি, (তথ্য ও প্রযুক্তি)- অনুপ্রাস জাতীয় কবি সংগঠন। বিভাগীয় সম্পাদক-অনুপ্রাস সাহিত্য পাতা দৈনিক নব অভিযান, দৈনিক স্বদেশ বিচিত্রা ও সাপ্তাহিক কালধারা। বাবা -মো: আবদুল করিম। মাতা- আনোয়ারা বেগম। পড়াশুনা- এম.এ। জন্ম -২১ আগস্ট, ১৯৭৩, জেলা-লক্ষ্ণীপুর, বাংলাদেশ। প্রকাশিত কাব্যগ্রন্থ- ১৩টি, গবেষণা প্রবন্ধ-২টি (বিজ্ঞান কবিতার ভাবনা ও কাব্য কথায় ইলিশ), সম্পাদনা কাব্যগ্রন্থ-১টি, জাগ্রত ছোট কাগজের সম্পাদক, সহযোগী সম্পাদনা (বিষয়ভিত্তিক)- ১১টি। উল্লেখযোগ্য কাব্যগ্রন্থ- সাত মার্চ শব্দের ডিনামাইট (বঙ্গবন্ধু সিরিজ), বিজ্ঞান কবিতা, প্রেমের বিজ্ঞান কবিতা, স্বাধীনতা মঙ্গলে, বিজ্ঞান সনেট। প্রথম কাব্যগ্রন্থ প্রকাশ হয় নব্বই দশকে। লেখালেখির জন্য বীর মুক্তিযোদ্ধা মোস্তফা কামাল স্মৃতি ফাউন্ডেশন-এর মহান বিজয় দিবস-২০১১ সম্মাননা ও সাপ্তাহিক শারদীয়া কাব্যলোক বিশেষ সম্মাননা-২০১৩ পেয়েছেন। ঠিকানা: এ-২, বাণিজ্যবিতান সুপারমার্কেট, ইস্টকর্ণার, ২য়তলা, নীলক্ষেত, ঢাকা-১২০৫, বাংলাদেশ। ইমেইল- rinakobi@yahoo.com  ফোন:- ০১৬৭৪-৩৩৬০৯৯ (অফিস), 01716676350।

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